PENALTIES FOR NONCOMPLIANCE: A criminal violation of the Eagle Act can result in a year in prison and a fine of $100,000 . Protection Act The bald eagle was removed from the federal list of endangered and threatened species on August 9, 2007 (72 FR 37346). bald eagle has made a remarkable recovery that has resulted in their removal from ESA on June 28, 2007.4 Despite being delisted from ESA, the bald eagle (and golden eagle) continue to receive protection through the Eagle Act and MBTA. (1) In 1940, to protect this national symbol from extinction, Congress enacted legislation popularly known as the Bald Eagle Protection Act. BALD AND GOLDEN EAGLE PROTECTION ACT § 668. While not listed under the ESA, the bald eagle is still protected under the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act). Bald and golden eagles All Project Managers are required to contact the USFS if they believe they will not be able to follow the management guidelines. known as the Bald Eagle Protection Act.2 Over two decades later, in 1962, the act was amended to include protection for the golden eagle and became known as the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (ﬁBGEPAﬂ or ﬁthe Actﬂ).3 The amendments also provided that if ﬁcompatible with [their] preservation,ﬂ the Secretary of the Interior, (2) Over two decades later, in 1962, the act was amended to include protection for the golden eagle and became known as the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act ("BGEPA" or "the Act"). The bald eagle is commonly known as the American eagle. The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGEPA), which was enacted in 1940 and amended several times, prohibits anyone, without a permit issued by the Secretary of the Interior, from “taking” bald/golden eagles, including their parts, nests, or eggs. The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (“Act”) is federal legislation prohibiting any form of possession or taking of both bald and golden eagles. The Act prohibits possession, sale, purchase, barter, export or import of any bald eagle, or any golden eagle that is alive or dead. Though the Eagle Act was largely modelled after MBTA, there are several differences between the two statutes. The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act makes it illegal to possess or sell an eagle or any part of an eagle (i.e., feathers, talons, eggs, or nests).