A few Stems of Asparagus eaten, shall give our Urine a disagreeable Odour... Asparagus "...transforms my chamber-pot into a flask of perfume. Der Spargel des Handels enthält 93 bis 94 Prozent Wasser, 1,95 Prozent Stickstoffsubstanzen, 0,14 Prozent Fett, 0,37 Prozent Zucker und 2,03 Prozent sonstige verdauliche Kohlenhydrate. Ewart Evans, George "Ask the Fellows who Cut the Hay". Emperor Augustus created the "Asparagus Fleet" for hauling the vegetable, and coined the expression "faster than cooking asparagus" for quick action. Unter Einbeziehung der Gattungen Myrsiphyllum Willd. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. In India, especially in the state of Maharashtra, it is not cultivated but it grows naturally in the farms during monsoon season. Wild asparagus is, as the name indicates, asparagus that grows wild as opposed to being cultivated. [3][4][5][6] It is widely cultivated as a vegetable crop. Über jeweils einem häutigen Deckblatt steht ein gegliederter Blütenstiel. The fertility of the soil is a large factor. [10] In Europe, however, the "asparagus season is a highlight of the foodie calendar"; in the UK this traditionally begins on 23 April and ends on Midsummer Day. Plants bearing seeds produce spears that are smaller and thinner, and plants without seeds produce larger and thicker spears. umfasst die Gattung Asparagus L. folgende etwa 220 Arten:[10]. [27]. Its young shoots are used as a spring vegetable. [8] Der Gemüsespargel (Asparagus officinalis) wurde 1978 als Lectotypus von Marais & Coode in Liliacees, in Fl. [47] Asparagus-Arten wachsen als ausdauernde krautige Pflanzen oder Halbsträucher. [36], The top asparagus importers (2016) were the United States (214,735 tonnes), followed by Germany (24,484 tonnes), and Canada (19,224 tonnes). Die angedrückt am Stängel angeordneten Blätter sind nicht grün, meist relativ klein, schuppenförmig und fleischig bis häutig; ihre Basis ist zu harten Dornen umgebildet. Farmers from rural area and some tribal people use the young asparagus plants as a vegetable in their meals. Sind die Blüten eingeschlechtig, dann sind die Arten zweihäusig getrenntgeschlechtig (diözisch). Eine besondere Gruppe sind als Spargelkäfer (Crioceris) bekannt. "Crowns" are planted in winter, and the first shoots appear in spring; the first pickings or "thinnings" are known as sprue asparagus. A. officinalis is widely known simply as "asparagus", and may be confused with unrelated plant species also known as "asparagus", such as Ornithogalum pyrenaicum known as "Prussian asparagus" for its edible shoots. Die Gattung Asparagus besitzt ein weites Verbreitungsgebiet in Eurasien und Afrika. [54], Asparagus has been eaten and cultivated for at least two millennia but the association between odorous urine and asparagus consumption was not observed until the late 17th century when sulfur-rich fertilisers became common in agriculture. However, genetic research places lilies, Allium, and asparagus in three separate families—the Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and Asparagaceae, respectively—with the Amaryllidaceae and Asparagaceae being grouped together in the order Asparagales. To cultivate white asparagus, the shoots are covered with soil as they grow, i.e. Asparagus, or garden asparagus, folk name sparrow grass, scientific name Asparagus officinalis, is a perennial flowering plant species in the genus Asparagus. prostratus (Dumort.) The Bavarian city of Nuremberg feasts a week long in April, with a competition to find the fastest asparagus peeler in the region; this usually involves generous amounts of the local wines and beers being consumed to aid the spectators' appreciative support. It was once classified in the lily family, like the related Allium species, onions and garlic. The shoots are prepared and served in a number of ways around the world, typically as an appetizer[24] or vegetable side dish. [55] More recent work has confirmed that a small proportion of individuals do not produce asparagus urine, and amongst those that do, some cannot detect the odour due to a single-nucleotide polymorphism within a cluster of olfactory receptors. [41][42], In Asia, an alternative approach to cultivating asparagus has been employed and is referred to as 'Mother Stalk Method' where three to five stalks per plant are allowed to develop into fern, while harvesting adjacent spears. [27] Thickness and thinness are not an indication of tenderness or toughness. [8] The root system, often referred to as a "crown," is adventitious and the root type is fasciculated. The smell has been reported to be detectable 15 to 30 minutes after ingestion[72][dead link][73] and subsides with a half-life of approximately 4 hours. A breed of "early season asparagus" that can be harvested two months earlier than usual was announced by a UK grower in early 2011. [38][39] Die Blüten stehen selten einzeln, meist zu mehreren in den Blattachseln oder manchmal in traubigen oder doldigen Blütenständen zusammen. [18], Only young asparagus shoots are commonly eaten: once the buds start to open ("ferning out"), the shoots quickly turn woody.[19]. It was botanically described in 1799. Snyder, Harry. Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit der Gattung Spargel. It is usually dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants, but sometimes hermaphrodite flowers are found. See Brunning (June 2010), p. 6. [citation needed] White asparagus is the result of applying a blanching technique while the asparagus shoots are growing. While this SNP did not explain all of the difference in detection between people, it provides support for the theory that genetic differences occur in olfactory receptors that lead people to be unable to smell these odorous compounds. Greeks and Romans ate it fresh when in season, and dried the vegetable for use in winter. Three types of asparagus are on display, with white asparagus at the back and green asparagus in the middle. [11][12], Asparagus has been used as a vegetable owing to its distinct flavor, and in medicine due to its diuretic properties and its purported function as an aphrodisiac. Schädlinge sind in Australien als invasive Neophyten klassifiziert quickly grilled over charcoal or hardwood embers, a. 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